Mount Biskupia Kopa is located at an altitude of 890 m above sea level and is one of the highest peaks in the area. It belongs to the Crown of Polish Mountains and the Crown of the Polish Sudetes. Due to its picturesque surroundings and interesting history, it is a very popular place both among tourists and lovers of mountain nature.
The name of the mountain Biskupia Kopa comes from Bishop Jan Václav Antonín of Kounice, who commissioned its measurement in 1736. However, the earliest mention of this mountain dates back to 1675, when it was recorded in the cadastral book.
Biskupia Kopa is also associated with the history of mining in the Karkonosze Mountains. In the 1850s, copper ore deposits were discovered on the slopes of the mountain. As a result of exploitation, several adits and mines were created, the largest of which was the “Maria” mine. Today you can see the remains of these mines, as well as beautiful views of the surrounding area.
It is also worth mentioning that on the top of the Biskupia Kopa mountain there is an observation tower built in 1905. Currently, it is a vantage point offering amazing panoramas of the Karkonosze, Rudawy Janowickie, Izera Mountains and Kaczawskie Mountains.
This mountain is also an important point on the tourist trail. Near the top there are tourist routes, such as the Walloon Trail, the Stone Embankment Trail or the Karkonosze Trail. This mountain is a great place for mountain climbing, cross-country skiing and downhill skiing in the winter season.
Góra Biskupia Kopa is a popular hiking destination in the Karkonosze Mountains. There are several trails leading to its top, each of which offers unique views of the area and interesting attractions. Here is a brief description of the trails leading to Biskupia Kopa:
The Yellow Trail from the Ziemowit Recreation Center in Jarnołtówek – route: 3.9 km, time approx. 1h 50m (one way), elevation gain: 418 m, degree of difficulty: very easy route, wheelchair accessible. Large, paid parking.
The Red Trail from Bolkowice – route: 3.3 km, time approx. 1h 40 minutes (one way), elevation gain: 492 m, degree of difficulty: easy route. Free parking on the road.
The Blue Trail from Pokrzywna – route: 6.4 km, time approx. 2h 45m (one way), elevation gain: 555m, degree of difficulty: easy with one high 11-meter ladder. Small free parking.
No matter which route you choose, each one offers an unforgettable experience and beautiful views of the surrounding area. It is certainly one of the most beautiful peaks in the Karkonosze Mountains and cannot be missed on the list of places to visit by lovers of mountain hiking.
10 interesting facts about Biskupia Kopa:
1. Following the blue trail from Pokrzywna, we go through Gwarkowa Perć, on which there is a ladder on which we must climb to go further. It is said to be the longest rock climbing ladder in Poland (35 steps, 11 meters).
2. The name of the mountain comes from the fact that in the Middle Ages the bishops of Wrocław had their goods there.
3. At the top of Biskupia Kopa there is an observation tower from which you can admire beautiful views of the surrounding area.
4. In the hostel ‘Dom Turysty’ under Biskupia Kopa, there are cut ties hanging from the ceiling – if some elegant person appears here with them around his neck, he can count on a certain loss of this element of the decor ?
5. In 1962, one of the largest occurrences of rubies in Poland was discovered on Biskupia Kopa, but it is no longer of economic importance.
6. On the slopes of Biskupia Kopa there are several tourist shelters where you can stay for the night.
7. In the years 2015-2018, over 200,000 spruces were cut down on approx. 280 hectares because they were attacked by the bark beetle. Fortunately, these bald slopes are starting to grow a deciduous forest again.
8. Many valuable plant species grow on the slopes of Biskupia Kopa, such as e.g. crocuses, edelweiss or wolf laurel.
9. During World War II, a German anti-aircraft artillery battery operated on Biskupia Kopa.
10. This mountain is a popular destination for rallies and sports competitions, such as the Piast Run or the Karkonosze Marathon.